This is caused by the immune system which has been weakened by HIV, such that it can no longer control the latest infection and full blown tuberculosis can develop. Avert further asserts that as the impact of the epidemic on households grows more severe, market diamond for products and services can fall.
Overtime, HIV and Aids can contribute to declines in land use, Sub saharan africa essay yields, and crop variety. Africa During the period of BCE to CE, the Bantu-speaking Africans gradually began to interact with humans and the environment by settling into varying parts of West and East Africa and creating a network with their neighbors in order to receive new technologies and foods.
With more competition with firms entering the market, this will also make production more efficient as well as lower costs and better quality for consumers, giving them more choice. This was a result of the slave trade, in which Europeans forced many Africans into slavery and traded them as if they were valuable goods.
In many cases, the presence of Aids causes the household to dissolve, parents die and children are sent to relatives for care and up bringing May, If a quota is set on the amount that can be imported just to protect local industries, then this is not efficient. Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa do not fulfil this criteria- there are constant wars going on as well as a corrupt government.
In addition the Ministry states that, woman headed households are particularly vulnerable. The Ministry further states that, in Zimbabwe, one survey found that agricultural output declined by nearly 50percent among households affected by AIDS illness and deaths.
Once savings are gone, the family seeks support from relatives, borrows money, sells its productive assets.
These policies have made the poor even more poorer. Hire Writer b Explain why a lack of investment may be an important explanation of slow economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa.
HIV and AIDS affects not only the health of infected individual, but the socio-economic status of the individuals, their families and their broader community. Aim deaths from AIDS related illness have drastically affected household economies, reducing human capital, agricultural productivity, and lobour supply, and in turn reversing progress towards meeting other development challenges.
What countries like Africa needs most is aid from Non governmental organisations such as Oxfam, who focus on helping people gain self reliance, develop needed skills and empowerment which will help the local people gain self independence.
Victoria states that child bearing is another major driver of family formation and building in Southern Africa. The government does not necessarily know what the public actually demands and needs, therefore they may produce the wrong goods.
Choose Type of service. In regards to new technology in the period, the African peoples were introduced to European arms and weapons as a result of trade. In addition, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argues that the epidemic also affects the sector in other ways.
As the three main empires, Ghana, Mali and Songhai, gained wealth from trade, invasions from neighboring regions began to lead to their decline. The country may not have the right resources to make that industry grow. Investment is crucial in order to help a country develop.
The paper attempts to discuss how HIV and AIDS have influenced negatively on health, agriculture and food security, education, economy and just to mention a few. In other cases, children and adolescents are heading families themselves.
The Bantu exchanged goods with local hunter-gatherers, and the people cut into forests and settled down into villages. Investment, according to the circular flow of income, is an injection into the economy. Long-distance trade was introduced from West Africa to other parts of the continent.
This is also not fulfilling the concept of Comparative Advantage, where two countries specialise on what they are most efficient in to ensure good allocation of resources. The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare also asserts that, one of the most serious consequences of the HIV and Aids epidemic is the rapid increase in the number of orphans has risen dramatically in the country, largely as a consequence of the HIV and AIDS epidemic.
According to the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture study infour out of five school heads say that the epidemic is seriously undermining the provision of quality education. The World Bank and IMF have forced the African countries to adopt new free-market policies in order to help structural adjustment become better.
Quota controls and an overvalued currency will disrupt the export performance of a country rather than encourage it. It is better to have privatised enterprises and industries so people will actually get what they want.
From toSub Saharan Africa encountered many changes including the decline of established tribal structures caused by European expansion, mass migration as a result of Zulu conquests, and colonization in areas by the British and the French.Problems in Sub-Saharan Africa essays Over the last twenty years, Madagascar, Nigeria, Malawi as well as many other countries across sub-Saharan Africa have all undergone major political changes in order to attempt converting to and a democratic form of government as more and more countries a.
In transitioning from the BCE CE period to the period, Sub-Saharan Africa changed due to migration of the Bantu, conquest of powerful empires, and widespread trading.
The Bantu migrations spread agriculture and iron metallurgy to most of Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa Essay Apartheid: what is it, when did it begin, where did it take place, how were the people involved affected and what caused it to end?
The Apartheid took place in South Africa between the years The economic performance of sub-Saharan Africa has had little success. The African leader’s economic policies have been a failure, involving too much state intervention rather than letting the invisible hands of the market forces control the economy.
Sub-Saharan Africa is comprised of forty-eight countries with a population of more than million (Gestrin xx). The population has been doubling every twenty-four years; “more than half of the population in most sub-Saharan countries is under the age of fifteen” (Gestrin 57).
essay will elaborate on the physical geography and military history of Sub-Saharan Africa, an analysis of its weather, and an overview of the ASCOPE acronym. Sub-Saharan Africa refers to the diverse landscape of more than 50 countries of Africa, which are south of the Sahara Desert.Download